References for research about outdoor learning:

Dowdell, K.,Gray,T. & Malone, K. (2011) ‘Nature and its influence on children’s outdoor play’, Australian Journal of Outdoor education, 15, (2), pp. 24–35.

Education Endowment Foundation., (© 2021). Education Endowment Foundation. Available from:  [Accessed 03/01/21].

Engemann, K., Pedersen, C., Arge, L., Tsirogiannis, C., Mortensen, P. and Svenning, J. (2019). Residential green space in childhood is associated with lower risk of psychiatric disorders from adolescence into adulthood. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 116(11). Available at: [Accessed 08/04/21].

Hamilton, J. (2018). Outdoor Learning: closing the attainment gap in primary schoolchildren in Scotland.  Dumfries: Forest Research.  Available at: [Accessed: 03/01/2021]. 

Harlen and Qualter (2014).  The Teaching of Science in Primary Schools. Oxon: Routledge.   

Harvey, M., Rankine, K. and Jensen, R. (2017). Outdoor Learning Hubs: A Scottish Attainment Challenge Innovation Fund Project.  [online].  Available from:  [Accessed 3 Jan 2021].

Hoath, L. (2015). A framework for understanding the distinctive characteristics of an outdoor setting pedagogy: a comparative primary education case study approach. Doctoral, Sheffield Hallam University. Available at: [Accessed 3 Jan 2021].

Ofsted (2008) Learning outside the classroom: How far should you go? [online]. Available at: [Accessed 09/04/2021].

Twohig-Bennett, C, and Jones, A. (2018) The health benefits of the great outdoors: A systematic review and meta-analysis of greenspace exposure and health outcomes. Environmental Research. 166 (October 2018), Pages 628-637. Available at: [Accessed 03/01/21]. 

Waite, S., Passy, R., Gilchrist, M., Hunt, A. & Blackwell, I. (2016). Natural Connections Demonstration Project, 2012-2016: Final Report. Natural England Commissioned Reports, Number 215. York: Natural England. Available from: [Accessed 3 Jan 2021].